Int’l Norms Transgressions Magnify Gray Zone Challenges

June 2017 No Comments

Violating Normal: How International Norms Transgressions Magnify Gray Zone Challenges. Author | Editor: Stevenson, J., Bragg, B. & Pagano, S. (NSI, Inc.). Overview The current international system presents multiple potential challenges to US interests. In recent years, state actors, especially but not limited to Russia and China, have taken actions that disrupt regional stability and […]

Continue Reading

Gray Zone Deterrence: What It Is and How (Not) to Do It

No Comments

Gray Zone Deterrence: What It Is and How (Not) to Do It. Author | Editor: Stevenson, J. (NSI, Inc.). Overview In recent years, state actors, especially but not limited to Russia and China, have increasingly engaged in what the US Government has labeled “gray zone challenges.”1 These are actions that disrupt regional stability and potentially […]

Continue Reading

Saudi-Iranian Gray Zone Competition in MENA

June 2017 No Comments

Examinations of Saudi-Iranian Gray Zone Competition in MENA, and of Potential Outcomes of the Flow of Foreign Fighters to the United States. Author | Editor: Capps, R., Ellis, D. & Wilkenfeld, J. (ICONS). Executive Summary The United States is regularly challenged by the actions of states and non-state actors in the nebulous, confusing, and ambiguous […]

Continue Reading

10th Annual SMA Conference – From Control to Influence

No Comments

10th Annual SMA Conference – From Control to Influence? A View of—and Vision for—the Future. Author | Editor: Popp, G., Canna, S. & Peterson, N. (NSI, Inc.). Conference Background The Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment (SMA) office hosted the 10th Annual SMA Conference on 25-26 April 2017 at Joint Base Andrews. This year’s conference, formally titled “From […]

Continue Reading

Geopolitical Visions In Chinese Media

No Comments

Geopolitical Visions In Chinese Media. Author | Editor: Hinck, R., Manly, J., Kluver, R. & Norris, W. (Texas A&M University). Executive Summary This study analyzed Chinese web media in an effort to uncover key frames and cultural scripts that are likely to shape potential geopolitical relationships in Asia. The team provided an overview of Chinese […]

Continue Reading

Panel Discussion on Iraq and Syria

June 2017 No Comments

Panel Discussion on Iraq and Syria. Author | Editor: Popp, G. & Canna, S. (NSI, Inc.). Executive Summary This report represents the views and opinions of the participants. The report does not represent official USG policy or position. At the request of United States Central Command (USCENTCOM), the Joint Staff (JS), the Deputy Director for […]

Continue Reading

Successful Campaign Against ISIS

June 2017 No Comments

Question (R4.4): What does a successfully concluded campaign against ISIS look like? Considering costs, reputation, and balance of influence, how should the U.S./Coalition define success? Is the defeat of ISIS a success if it causes the balance of power in the region to shift towards Iran, Assad, or Russia? Author | Editor: Hayes Ellis, D. […]

Continue Reading

What Extent is Iraqi Army Apolitical

No Comments

Question (R4.3): To what extent is the Iraqi Army apolitical? Do they have a political agenda or another desired end- state within Iraq? Could the Iraqi military be an effective catalyst for reconciliation between different groups in Iraqi society? Could conscription be an accelerant for reconciliation and if so how could it be implemented? Author […]

Continue Reading

Iraqi Nationalism in Countering Iran

No Comments

Question (R4.1): How Strong is Iraqi Nationalism in Countering Iranian Influence? Author | Editor: Canna, S. (NSI, Inc.). Executive Summary History of Iraqi Nationalism As with all newly formed Arab states following the conclusion of WWI, Iraq struggled to establish an inclusive national identity (Abouaoun, Dagher). Rooted in the Hashim monarchy’s attempts to preserve antiquated […]

Continue Reading

Implications of Bad Outcomes in Yemen

No Comments

Question (R4.11): What are the implications for the U.S. and GCC countries if the Arab coalition does not succeed or achieve an acceptable outcome in Yemen? Author | Editor: Aviles, W. (NSI, Inc.). Executive Summary Conflict in Yemen is now reaching the third year of its current incarnation, and despite the foreign intervention of GCC […]

Continue Reading